War is no longer waged only by national militaries. We are seeing a shift to a new anarchy where might makes right, but with new tools: private intelligence outfits, rent-an-army soldiers, and cyber mercenaries for hire. These groups profit from chaos and uncertainty, while accountability, transparency, and peace seem harder than ever to achieve.
About the Author
Dr. Alessandro Arduino's expertise spans two decades in China, where he specializes in risk analysis and crisis management. With a focus on Belt and Road Initiative security, private military and security companies, cyber security, combat UAVs, and China's political economy in Africa, the Middle East, and Central Asia. Arduino is an affiliate lecturer at the Lau China Institute at King's College London, a fellow at the China Africa Research Initiative at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, and a member of the advisory group for the International Code of Conduct Association.